Each year, 30,000 students graduate from vocational training centers, 72% of whom are employed within the next 3 years, according to the latest data published by the INS. With CAP, BTP and BTS available, these skills certificates enable greater employability compared to university graduates, only 14% of whom manage to find work within the next 3 years.
However, the mentality of our societies underestimates these forms and considers them to represent the path taken by people who have missed school or those who have limited intellectual capacity… However, with nearly 109,000 school leavers every year and unemployment rate of 18.4%, vocational training is the best springboard for young people without qualifications who want to secure their future with dignity.
Several specialties sought by the national and international labor market are offered in the 400 private and public Tunisian Vocational Training Centers (CFPT). Majors in construction, textiles, sewing, carpentry, welding, electronics, maintenance, cooking, baking, office automation, computer graphics and more are increasingly in demand among students. The only hurdle is that after successfully completing these training courses, these young people face the judgments of the society and also the recruiters. Report.
The prejudices of society
This is the case of Amine, 26 years old, he got his BTS in Computer Science last year but found it difficult to get a job in a company. “As soon as there is a candidate with a university degree, they punish me because they prefer people with a university degree.” Even if we have the same skills, a priority for several companies and in higher education…this is also part of the prejudice that believes that CFPT graduates are less able to integrate in companies…”.
However, many people have chosen this vocation not out of compulsion or lack of choice, but after starting school and having a diploma in their pocket. “Like students in higher education, we are entitled to a BTS credit, but in addition with facilities such as the lack of self-financing or the obligation to have our own funds,” adds Amin, who regrets not choosing a major that would allow him to start his own project.
This is what 32-year-old Samia did, who chose to study textiles. Her dream was to open her own sewing studio and enter the world of fashion. After completing CFPT in Ezzouhour, she started her sewing project, in her home and also works online. “My parents expected me to be employed in a textile factory as a workshop foreman or even as a stylist. They expected my situation to improve overnight by a simple certificate of competence that I too became an employee. But none of that happened… For them, I missed my vocation again after leaving school at 16 for no plausible reason…”.
The center or the street
Indeed, information, supervision and motivation are highly valued in these public or private vocational training institutions. According to Ahmed, a former student at the Community Education and Training Center in Wed Gueriana (Manuba), who is self-employed as an electrician, supervision was a crucial element that helped him overcome his lack of self-confidence when he left college. “At the age of 16 and after my parents’ divorce, I was expelled from college because I had to repeat 3 times. It was either the center or the street. My father advised me to opt for vocational or technical training as I did not have the required level. I didn’t even have passion, I didn’t care about anything and I was a rebellious child. I begged the person in charge of guidance to get me into any training to save me… But the latter insisted on letting me think about my major for a week before jumping into training that didn’t suit me interested… For him, these vocational training centers restore the dignity of students and offer them a second chance to succeed in life. And that is the most important thing”, emphasizes this former electrical engineering student.
Hailing from a humble family, Ahmed chose this government center with nominal registration fees. 20 DT per year for school, 10 DT for accommodation in a state dormitory, 0.300 DT per day for daily meals in the attached restaurant. After two years, he received a diploma in electricity. “However, all my comrades succeeded not because I succeeded. We were mostly criminals, young people who only dream of leaving the country illegally, desperate and lost. To survive in such an environment, you need a lot of concentration and willpower,” he advises.
Private tuition centers between scams and false promises
We have contacted another state recognized institute of repute located in the El Menze area. For 350 to 380 DT per month, with a registration fee of 330 DT and an additional 150 DT for outfits, the student has a choice of BTS or BTP in Cooking, Pastry, Hospitality and Management and Commerce. We contacted the training officer at this institution, who explained that at these reasonable prices, students have access to 2 years of training, including 9 months of internship and practice. They are undergraduates and professionals who would like to secure their future thanks to promising jobs or want to complete their initial training in computer networks, marketing, management… The teachers are also experienced academics.
The administration as well as the staff are attentive to the students and do not hesitate to inform, guide and support them. And this is what makes the difference between a public and a private school,” emphasizes the manager.
With reasonable prices compared to private universities, professionals, unemployed graduates and people who wish to retrain choose these institutions… Report.
After 3 years of practice, Sirine, Senior Anesthesia Technician, chose to follow her passion for aesthetics, specializing in nails. But since this training is only offered in private schools, she found it difficult to choose an institution that offered a quality ratio that suited her small budget and with effective training.
“I found training courses of 3 days at 700 DT, short cycles of 9 months at 2000 DT, not counting the cost of equipment and products that are required by certain institutes. Indeed, the number of training centers has increased manifold and all the owners claim that they are the best… While in reality there are many frauds and scams”.
Calling the director of a training center specializing in the installation of nails in Aouina, the adviser revealed to us the prices of the different sessions: to become a nail technician, all you have to do is attend courses that are distributed within 15 to 20 days. All at 700 DT off promotion and 630 DT with discount. For art courses, the lady told us about twenty days to a month, at 900 DT. And for first-class training in the master’s category, you need to prepare 1450 DT for one month of training.
Very short deadlines can change the professional future of students, our interlocutor concluded, justifying that this type of profession is in high demand by the fairer sex. “Clients of the hair salon do not miss a permanent manicure. It has become like brushing, a must for a well-groomed appearance… Hence the impossibility of staying without a job”, she reassures us. As for the value of the degree, she pointed out that students receive an approved certificate recognized by the local and international market…
Attractive but sometimes misleading promises, confirmed Sirine, the anesthesiologist who chose a professional school, internationally recognized, for two years, courses, internships and practice…