In Luxembourg, education is currently compulsory from age 4 to age 16. The Minister of National Education Claude Maisch (DP) will present this Tuesday, February 22, the project to extend compulsory education from 16 to 18 years, approved by the Government Council on February 11. Possibility of taking stock of home education, as school obligation does not mean obligation to attend school.
184 children are educated at home
According to the latest figures released by the Ministry of National Education in March 2021 for the academic year 2020-2021, 154 primary school students (3 to 11 years old) are home-schooled, compared to 50,890 children attending primary school education, up 37 from 2019-2020. And they were 30 secondary school students (ages 12 to 19) who had to be homeschooled.
The reasons for home schooling can be different: the child’s illness, families moving across the country, or the conviction of the parents. “For youth from 4 to 12 years of age on 1er September training can take place at home. At the moment, it is necessary to seek permission from the director of your region, justifying your request and informing the municipality”, explains asbl Alli (Luxembourg Association for Freedom of Education) on its website. For children over 12 years on 1er September, homeschooling is not regulated by any law. In practice, you must provide a school certificate from a correspondence course to the municipality of residence or inform the Ministry of National Education. There is a bill on home education, but it has not yet been submitted to the Chamber of Deputies.
Homeschooling is subject to control
In its 2020-2021 activity report, the nonprofit Alli explains that there have been “several requests for information about homeschooling due to unsanitary conditions that are not suitable for families. There is no doubt an increase in applications because families have had the opportunity to know and experience this educational choice and think about it. Do homeschooling parents need to follow the Luxembourg curriculum? According to Article 21 (primary/primary education), “home education must aim at the acquisition of the basic skills defined by the curriculum. In duly justified circumstances, in particular – for example – if the parents intend to give their child distance learning, the district director can grant exemption from teaching to one or more of them. other matters provided for in article 7 of the school law.
And the non-profit association notes “that the pursuit of the basic skills defined in the curriculum does not mean that it is mandatory to achieve them, but that the child should be given the opportunity to achieve them. , as it has the right to education, but no one can be forced to study”. Therefore, home schooling is under the control of the director of his district. If it is found that the education provided does not meet the specified criteria, the student is automatically enrolled in the school of his municipality of residence. This will also be the case if the director refuses to carry out an inspection.
In Belgium and France
And how is homeschooling going with our neighbors? In Belgium, compulsory education starts at the age of 5. According to the General Education Administration, 1,122 children were homeschooled in 2018-2019, and the Office of General Inspection is responsible for monitoring the level of education set by law. Children must also take their School Certificates and pass CEB at 12, CE1D at 14 and CE2D at 16.
In France, education is compulsory between the ages of 3 and 16. Inspections are carried out at the municipal level on the initiative of the mayor from the first year, then every two years until the child is 16 years old and on the initiative of the academic directors of the school’s services. National education ( Dasen). According to a study conducted by France’s Ministry of National Education in 2020, 50,000 students are being educated at home, compared to 41,000 in 2019 and 30 to 35,000 in 2017. These children represent 0.5% of the total number of French students.