Online Education

how do different international locations mix the 2 methods within the midst of the Covid-19 epidemic?

He decided. Jean-Michel Blanquer stated this in an interview published in Sunday paper (article reserved for subscribers), on Sunday, August 22, Level 2 school protocol will apply. in all institutions of France and Corsica in early September.

These rules include, among other things, seven days of isolation for unvaccinated middle and high school students who will be identified as contact cases. However, areas remain unclear regarding the device used in distance and face-to-face training during these few days. This will “any system [qui] allow you to have a remote student who sees the class, or is it just homework and follow-ups that are provided by the teacher through a digital work environment“, Jean-Michel Blanquer replied to a question about this on August 19. “Each institution is a special case and has its own plan for the continuity of education.the minister added.

Moreover, while Primary classes will be closed as soon as the first case of Covid-19 is identified, alternating face-to-face and distance learning remains a challenge. Other countries have faced such equations since the onset of the health crisis, and sometimes even earlier. From China to the United States, via Quebec, Franceinfo makes a short trip around the world on the answers provided.

Estonia started the digital transition even before the start of the pandemic. In the capital city of Tallinn, many digital tools and platforms have been available to schools for several years, in particular to enable communication between teachers, parents and students who are at a distance.

Before the health crisis, it happened that young people occasionally had to take lessons from home. When they were away due to illness, all they had to do was connect to eKool, an e-learning platform created to ensure the continuity of learning, where students can receive feedback on their work.

These tools were not applied systematically, but very quickly became “essentials“In connection with the pandemic,” Laura Limperk-Kütaru, head of international relations at the Estonian Ministry of Education, told Franceinfo. “In general, in addition to education, the transition to digital minds and morality is in full swing in schools:More than 90% of public services in Estonia are available online, so today people are used to doing everything online.“, explain Laura Limperk-Kutharu.

“We have been training teachers in the use of digital tools and helping them create online learning materials for several years.”

Laura Limperk-Kütaru, Director of the International Relations Department of the Estonian Ministry of Education

on Franceinfo

In China, going from face to face to distanciel was not something new for young people either. “Pandemic or not, teachers are used to recording their lessons to make them available to students on platforms.“, tells franceinfo Yiqing Qi, a journalist from France who spent all his training in China. The country has a national platform dedicated to educational resources and public service. So everything was ready when about 200 million primary and secondary school students started their online -lessons on February 9, 2020, explains the UNESCO study.

Across the Atlantic, hybrid education has been chosen as the solution in Quebec during the pandemic. In some “red” areas where the circulation of the virus was greatest, sophomores and freshmen had to go to school every other day, Radio Canada explained in October 2020. The device resembles that installed in France. , when during the second birth there was an alternation of full-time and home courses (with semi-groups) in order to avoid the complete closure of institutions.

However, in Quebec, reflections began even before the health crisis. In 2018, the Ministry of Education launched a digital action plan to fundamentally transform the education system. A total of 33 measures were taken to introduce hybrid and online learning, purchase the necessary digital equipment.

“The plan includes numerous free online training courses for teachers to support them in their digital transition.”

France Gravel, Research Professor in Educational Management at the University of Quebec in Montreal

on Franceinfo

Among these trainings we find, in particular, a webinar during which the teacher invokes the virtual classroom that she has experienced. In the case of a 100% remote course, she says she works with three screens: her computer, which allows her to communicate with her students and send them documents, an interactive whiteboard, which allows her to project the course, and a screen in front of her, on which she can see the reaction of young people.

Across the Canadian border, in the United States, school closures that began in mid-March 2020 kept millions of students out of class for months. The situation varied greatly from state to state, sometimes even from county to county. However, the fact that millions of children are no longer in school has sparked controversy about accumulated learning delays and the psychological effects of distance learning.

To make up for this lessonall distance“In containing the spread of the epidemic, some cities have been trying to find a compromise since the start of the 2020 school year, such as in New York. The newspaper “New York Times*. In August 2020, local radio station ABC* reported that in New Jersey, the school board was considering hybrid learning but was forced to withdraw due to the departure of hundreds of teachers who were reluctant to return to the classroom due to fear of the pandemic. Functioning according to the alternation of half a day, a week or every other day, teaching in both distance learning and physics is being discussed and remains in the country at an experimental stage.

Local initiatives also flourished in other parts of the country. When they had the means, many American parents tried to bypass public education by betting on tuition at the expense of “training modules(learning modules) as an alternative to virtual classrooms. Concept? Bring children from one area to one or the other to work with a teacher who may be at a distance.

In any case, in the four corners of the planet, the impossibility of conducting face-to-face courses has prompted countries to come up with different solutions. Thus, Peru developed a national distance learning program called “Aprendo in the house” (“Study at Home”) is intended for kindergartens, elementary schools and colleges. The goal of this program was to help students across the digital divide by distributing lessons and educational materials on public television and radio stations. But access to virtual classrooms has not been optimal, with many regions in very remote areas struggling to get phone or internet coverage, according to a report by Amanda Chaparro, Radio France correspondent in Peru.

Peruvian students climb a hill as they try to pick up a signal to access government-created virtual classrooms in Manaso, Peru, on July 24, 2020. (CARLOS MAMANI/AFP) #

According to a World Bank study, several African countries favor the same approach. In Kenya, an already existing distance learning plan using radio and television was launched immediately after schools closed in March 2020. A similar program was also stepped up in Sierra Leone after it was in place during the 2014 Ebola epidemic.

This online education boom is now allowing some states to consider hybrid education. RThe question is whether this trend will continue after the health crisis in the long term. In early June, Quebec was betting on a comeback “100% ok”although the Delta variant may make a difference, indicates Press.

* These links refer to articles in English.

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