Posted on Dec 10 2020 at 4:05 pmUpdated December 11. 2020 at 10:26 am
Recoil on forced march. After some time considering severely restricting the practice of homeschooling under a bill to “affirm Republican principles,” the executive branch backed down. Parents who want to oversee their child’s education will be able to do so, but under greater supervision. For example, prior authorization will be required according to the version of the bill submitted to the Council of Ministers on Wednesday.
Legally, the provision has become difficult to defend. The state board responsible for studying the project has come out against an end to home schooling. The issue is being discussed around the world. While some countries encourage this practice, others are much more restrictive. Review.
Strict regulations in Germany, Spain and Sweden
On the European continent, Germany has one of the strictest regulations in this area. Only health reasons allow you to train at home. Parents’ religious or educational beliefs are not taken into account.
Spain and Sweden are also very reluctant to practice homeschooling. Thus, the Spanish constitutional system does not recognize the practice, while Swedish legislation specifies that it is not permitted. In Greece, school attendance is also compulsory. Only children with special needs are allowed outside the classroom.
Some countries go even further, such as Turkey, which chose to make homeschooling illegal. Therefore, from the age of 6, all Turkish citizens must be enrolled in public or private school under fear of sanctions. The same logic in the Netherlands, where education is compulsory from the age of 5. Parents who withdraw their children from the education system face sanctions. A few exceptions, such as religious beliefs, are granted to allow homeschooling. A choice against most European countries.
If these countries forbid the practice of home education in most cases, a major difference with France should be noted: the age at which compulsory schooling begins. In France, students must return to school for the first time at age 3, while German and Spanish students start school at age 6. Greek children start school a year earlier, at age 5, just like Dutch children.
Training under conditions in Austria
Other countries are more flexible but enforce certain rules. Regular exams, the obligation to hold a teaching diploma, a declaration of honor or registration with the authorities… the conditions for practicing school at home can be numerous. In Austria, parents who wish to teach their children must register with the competent authorities. Homeschooling may be prohibited if the school board determines that the education provided will not be equivalent to that received in the classroom. Students must also take two annual exams to ensure their academic level.
The logic is more or less the same in Denmark, where the constitution guarantees parents the right to choose the education they wish to prefer. However, they are required to adhere to certain principles. In this way, home-schooled children are monitored by municipalities, which ensure that they receive the same level of education as their classmates attending a class. In Slovakia, parents must obtain a teacher’s diploma to benefit from the right to practice home education, while in Norway the authorities assess lessons given outside of class once a semester.
Reduced control in the US
In some countries, apart from even being legal, homeschooling is much easier. In the United Kingdom, for example, parents who educate their children at home are not required to follow the national curriculum, the British government website states.
In the United States, nearly 2 million students are homeschooled. The practice is legal in all US states that regulate, each according to their own rules, home education. Most remain very tolerant. Only Massachusetts and the island of Rhodes require parents to obtain a homeschool permit. In Texas, some subjects are required such as reading, math, or grammar, but no grade requirement is required. In Oklahoma, on the other hand, parents are free to choose the subjects they teach. The rules are stricter in New York State, which requires the study of certain subjects, assessment, and a minimum level of qualification of the parent teachers.