education. The health crisis has forced some parents to educate their children themselves. The principle of “school at home” existed before, but it literally exploded in this period. This Friday, September 2, several families symbolized their own back to school.
All schools are back. The kids too. But not all. Indeed, some do not go to school; their parents prefer to take care of their education personally. Several families symbolically returned this Friday, September 2, to the Fontaine area of Corgebine.
Homeschooling is a relatively new method of education that has exploded in the midst of Covid-19. “In 2017, between 20 and 25,000 families taught their child on their own. After the health crisis, there were about 65,000, because many people realized that it is quite possible to educate your child,” explains Marylen.
This former national education teacher now works from home and has chosen to teach her child herself. This Friday 2 she met for the first time six other families who made the same decision. Everyone wants to assure that “this is not a rejection of traditional school, but a choice”.
Even at home, a duty to study
While Louie, Joseph, Kome, Elwan, Alec and Sevan have fun and use the playground facilities to get to know each other, the mothers get to know each other about the pedagogy they use for their children.
“Some families are more followers of the Montessori method, others prefer Steiner-Waldorf or Freinet, or simply prefer the National Curriculum,” adds Marylène. And Emma to specify: “Our advantage is to go with the pace of the child and to instruct him according to our wishes. When he loves and is motivated, he inevitably learns better. Parents who decide to take responsibility for their child’s education must first request permission from the Dasen (academic directorate of the national education services) and complete an education file. From the age of 3, the child is subject to an obligation to study until the age of 16. Parents are free in how they learn, but they are required to respect the common core of knowledge.
“Everyday life is available for us to learn the different subjects,” emphasizes Pauline. “We can afford to learn maths by making recipes for cooking or baking, or more simply with pebbles or wood. We can learn things through games. For them, everything is more specific and much simpler. The three mothers share an extraordinary adventure with their child through outings and trips they take together.
However, the main criticism of homeschooling is the desocialization of the child, removed from the traditional education system and the environment in which his peers learn to live. Emma responds by arguing John Bowlby’s theory of attachment. This suggests that the development of the child at the affective and social level requires the formation of a unique privileged relationship with at least one “caregiver”, the one who provides the role of refuge of safety.
“The basis is self-confidence. There is certainly less socializing, but what little there is is chosen and the interactions are of higher quality. The child will have no problem leaving the nest. Marilyn takes her eldest son as an example, who, because he is small, shows general shyness. “After two years of home schooling, because we gave him time, he is now talking to strangers. In class he would be put in a corner and study by watching others. »
For Pauline, homeschooling was “imposed” on her because “the teacher thinks my son is socially inappropriate, two days into the school year. We had fears of this type of pedagogy, of not succeeding. I have no regrets today.”
Obviously, the presence of parents at home is essential. Stay at home mom or dad or work from home are the usual profiles. Marie Curie or Jean d’Ormesson were taught at home by their parents.
The philosopher describes his childhood as such. ” That is, during the first ten years of my education, I never went to school. I was raised in my mother’s lap. These are wonderful memories. I had an extremely happy childhood! [… ] I worked with my mom who was the sweetest. I don’t remember there being any drama. »