The United Nations General Assembly began in a global context marked by fragmentation, division and threats.. The Russian invasion of Ukraine, the jihadist threat in the Sahel, the food crisis on the African continent and the economic downturn are just a few examples of the diplomatic challenges that leaders of all countries will discuss and face during these meetings.
Improving Moroccan Education
Several international leaders have already addressed the Assembly. The head of the Moroccan government, Aziz Ajanouh from Morocco, stressed that the Alaouite kingdom managed to achieve “great progress” in the process of improving the country’s infrastructure, as well as the education system, with the aim of achieving “a true educational renaissance in line with the ambitions of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the strategic goals of the new development model.
According to Ayanukh, these reforms of the education system, planned for the period from 2022 to 2026are based on national consultations that would be conducted using a participatory methodology promotion of the broad education sector, including “teachers, students and their families”.
He explained that the roadmap revolves around three main axes: that students acquire basic skills, improve teacher performance and optimize schools through the creation of “modern and open” facilities.
At the same time, the plan aims to achieve three main goals by 2026, namely to reduce school dropout by a third.increase the number of students who master basic skills by 70% and double the number of students benefiting from assessment methods based on observation of student actions and the work and exercises they do in the classroom.
Macron calls for international cooperation
Meanwhile, French President Emmanuel Macron condemned Russia for invading Ukraine. For Macron, the Russian offensive is “violation of the UN Charter and world stability”. He also strongly opposed Russia’s policies, calling them “imperialist” and “colonialist”.
Therefore, Macron issued a series of warnings to countries that decided not to take a stand in the conflict, saying that in the future “Anyone can be the one who suffers from war”. He also tried to convince these countries that “Russia has set the stage for other wars on every continent.”
Despite this, Macron was open to “continuation of dialogue with Moscow in search of peace” while these are dialogues in which the sovereignty and will of Ukraine are respected, and argued that they cannot be held with the announcement of new pro-Russian referendums.
Thus, in his defense of the preservation of world peace, Macron has shown himself to be opposed to world divisions that “can only lead to a new Cold War”which will not be useful in tackling common problems such as poverty, climate change or hunger.
He also advocated reform of the Security Council.including the inclusion of more countries as permanent members of the Security Council or the removal of the veto for those who commit crimes against humanity or war crimes.
Olaf Scholz, engaged in the restoration of Ukraine
Like Macron and other international leaders, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz criticized the Russian invasion and said Putin would not give up his “imperialist ambitions” only if he admits that he cannot win this war.
At the same time, he stated that “The return of imperialism with Putin’s war against Ukraine is a catastrophe not only for Europe, but also for the world order”and therefore argued that it is better to cooperate so that “the multipolar world of the 21st century remains a multilateral world.”
The role of Turkey in the Ukrainian war
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan continues to defend Turkey’s role as an international mediator. During his speech, he stressed the need to end the conflict in Ukraine through “diplomacy”, otherwise “There will be no winner”.
In addition, Erdogan pointed to how Turkey tried to explore all possible ways to reach a peace agreement and criticized organizations such as the UN Security Council, to which he made a request. “more participation” and changes, given that at present, with the development of the conflict in Ukraine, the permanent membership of Russia means the impossibility of implementing many peace resolutions.
Chile Constitution, Boric’s goal
Chilean President Gabriel Boric began his first speech at the UN General Assembly. combines a thorough study of the political situation in Chile in recent years.
In this line Boric suggested the defeat of the new constitutional projectalthough he continues to defend the search for an alternative, with which the vast majority of Chileans agree.
Moreover, the President of Chile assured that the refusal does not mean the “defeat” of his government, and assures that the Chilean people “wants change, but does not want to lose what he has already won”.
At the same time, the Chilean leader recalled the risk that Chile faces in the face of climate change and the challenges of the world in general, where the survival of democracies is at stake, a problem for which he blamed “major industrialized countries”.