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A pointy rise in housing overcrowding in Ile-de-France

According to a recent study by the Institut Paris Region (IPR), the rate of housing overcrowding in Ile-de-France increased by 0.6% between 2008 and 2018. The percentage of households that are cramped in their homes is particularly important in the social warehouse for rent. The main reason for this trend is the lack of affordable rental and purchase offers in the private sector.

Overcrowding was concentrated in inner Paris and the inner suburbs

The IPR study shows that “ 2.7 million residents of Ile-de-France lived in homes that were too small in 2018 », i.e. every fourth Frenchman. The region stands out from the rest of France, where the overcrowding rate is half as high and tends to stabilize. Its authors note that

Two-thirds of these dwellings are located in the heart of the capital and in the inner suburbs, but the phenomenon is gradually spreading to the outer suburbs as well”.

It mainly affects cities that have a significant proportion of old or degraded properties in social or private parks, which are more accessible to small budgets. The list includes 11 Paris districts as well as 22 communes of the Seine-Saint-Denis.

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Profiles of people most affected by overcrowding

This planning agency’s investigation also reveals that ” single-parent families are the first to be affected », and in this category of the population the indicator increases to 33%. By comparison, it is “only” 19% for couples with children and drops to 5% for couples without children. The proportion of people living in cramped accommodation is also high for those who have chosen to share accommodation with third parties rather than family members, as well as young people, most of whom are under 25.

Another lesson from the study,

important 80% of these Île-de-France residents are tenants in their primary residence, and in the social tenancy fund, overcrowding has increased by 2%.

The IPR attributed the problem to the “weakness of affordable offer in the private sector, both to buy and to rent”.

Lacking the means to become owners due to high prices in the private sector, they are unable to relocate. Thus, many young people continue to live in the family home, while separated couples remain under the same roof for lack of an alternative.

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Development of overcrowding in the Paris region after the pandemic

After the health crisis, Ile-de-France has seen a change in the housing market. According to Martin Omhovère, Director of Habitat and Society at IPR,

With telecommuting and school at home, many households suffer greatly from a lack of space and can’t fit everything in.

Martin Omhovere

As a result, immediately after the lifting of travel restrictions, many fled the center of the capital in favor of the suburbs, taking advantage of the still very attractive interest rates on loans negotiated by real estate brokers. Some have even moved to the countryside, especially those who have continued their activities remotely. Their goal is to increase the area and, if possible, to have an outdoor space (garden, terrace, etc.). However,

The IPR emphasizes that “not all of these households have been affected by overemployment and have sufficient resources to acquire a property.”

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