University

🔎 College of Wrocław – Definition and Explanations

Introduction

University in 2009

L’University of Wroclaw (in Polish: Uniwersytet WroclawskiIn German University of Breslauin latin Universitas Wratislaviensis) a university (A university is a higher education institution with the purpose of…) Founded in 1702, it has rich traditions.

The story

[Before1945[1945-ciiləqədər

University in 1900

On July 20, 1505, Vladislas IV (1456-1516), king of Bohemia (from 1471) and Hungary (from 1490), belonging to the Polish-Lithuanian Jagiellonian dynasty, signed the act. foundation (The foundations of a structure provide the transmission and distribution of loads (dead weight, etc.) was a university, but many wars prevented its effective establishment.

In 1659, Emperor Leopold I offered it to the Jesuits, who until then had no building. city (A city is an urban unit (“human settlement”…)the the castle (The castle was originally intended for the Middle Ages…) Piast was later called king. They partially destroyed the castle and built itthe church (Could be a church 🙂 “Le Jesus” (1689-1700), then Saint Martin, a unique example of Baroque in the city. In Vienna, they took steps (the municipal council, which was afraid of this, prevented it don’t shoot (Multiplication is one of the four operations of elementary arithmetic…) of Catholic institutions) to change high school (A quorum may designate a group of like-minded people…) at the university. Leopold I was founded in 1999 by law of 21 October 1702 the capital (The capital (Latin caput, capitis, head) is the city where the powers sit,…) It is also called the first university of Silesia Academy Leopoldina. It consisted of two faculties: theology and philosophy, and about half functioned. century (A century is now a period of one hundred years. The word comes from the Latin word saeculum, i, which…). in the buildings of the old castle. St. Joseph’s boarding school for students was built next to it (today home (A house is a medium-sized building intended for a family to live in,…) Steffens). Although the school was Catholic, there were also Protestant students. the project (A project is an irreversible commitment of uncertain outcome, it cannot be repeated…) primary buildingAcademy (Academy is a recognized assembly of men of letters, scientists and/or artists…), (built between 1728 and 1742) was not built because it was interrupted by the invasion of Silesia by the troops of Frederick II of Prussia. The magnificent Rococo room (Aula Leopoldina) remains. The establishment ceased to be a center of counter-reformation, but remained big school (According to the French Ministry of National Education, Grande Ecole is a…) For the training of the Catholic clergy in Prussia.

On April 24, 1811, the Jesuits Leopoldina and Protestant Viadrina From Frankfurt am MainOr (Oder (Odra in Polish, Czech and Sorbian languages; Viadrus in Latin) is a river in Europe…) After the defeats against Napoleon, as part of the reforms of the Prussian state, it was merged by order of the royal cabinet and became the Friedrich-Wilhelms University with its headquarters in Breslau and consisting of five faculties (Protestant theology and Catholic theology, philosophy, law and medicine). ). It thus became the first German university to unite Protestant and Catholic theologies under the same umbrella the roof (A roof is a structure that covers the top of a building, allowing…).

There were three seminaries of theology, a seminary of philology and a seminary of German philology, as well as a seminary of Roman and English philology, a seminary of history, a seminary of philology. math (Mathematics is an abstract field of knowledge built using…) and physical (Physics (from Greek φυσις, nature) etymologically…), private and public law seminar. Until the First World War, the University was an important training center for Polish students from Posnania and Pomerania, where they sometimes made up a third of the staff (in 1838 the “Slavic Literary Society” was founded). In 1841, the department of Slavic languages ​​and literature was established at the university. It also had twelve different scientific institutes, six clinical institutions and three Art collections. In 1881 we openedinstitute (An institute is a permanent organization established for a specific purpose. It…) 10 professors and 44 auditors included the chairman of the department of agriculture (formerly Proskauda). chemistry (Chemistry is a natural science divided into several specialties,…) vet, vet chair and one technology (The word technology has two de facto meanings 🙂. the number (The concept of number in linguistics is considered in the article “Number…”) the number of students in 1884 was 1481, and the number of teachers was 131.

In 1885, the university library contained about 400,000 works, including 2,400 incunabula (prints from before 1500), about 250 volumes in Aldine characters, and 2,840 manuscripts. They came from liquidated foundations and monastic collections, and from the former university libraries of Frankfurt and Wrocław; also belonged there Habichtiana Librarya rich and academic reading institute with printed and manuscript oriental works.

We will also mention: observatory; the Botanical garden (A botanical garden is an area developed by a public or private institution, etc.) (5 hectares) with a museum botany (Botany is the study of plants (from the Greek…) and a zoological garden established by a private company in 1862; museum ofNatural History (The process of observation and systematic description of nature… begins from that moment). and the museum zoology (Zoology (Greek ζoον, zoon, animal and…); chemistry and physics collections; chemistry laboratory; institute physiology (Physiology (from Greek φύσις, phus, nature and…) plant and institute mineralogy (Mineralogy is the study of minerals.); instituteanatomy (Anatomy (from the Greek name ἀνατομία…); clinical institutions; a gallery of prints rich in ancient German works (mostly from churches, monasteries, etc.); Museum of Silesian Antiquities, Silesian State Archives, etc.

[After1945[1945-ciildənsonra

After the conquest of the city by the army red (Red meets different definitions depending on the chromatic system we use…), Friedrich-Wilhelm-Universität was abolished. With the transfer of the city to Poland, the German university and High school (University in Belgium or University of Applied Sciences in Switzerland…) The Breslau Technical School (1910-1945) became a Polish institution on August 24, 1945.

Same on November 15th year (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) professors Ludwik Hirszfeld and courses Kazimierz Idaszewski openededucation (Training (Latin “insignis”, signified, marked with a sign, distinguished) a…) In Poland, and on June 9, 1946, a Polish university was opened, relying mainly on teachers from the Polish universities of Lviv and Vilno, which became Ukraine and Lithuania, respectively.

From the time of Stalin until the end of the communist regime, it was officially Bolesław Bierut (Uniwersytet Wroclawski im. Bolesława Bieruta), therefore named after the first president of the Polish People’s Republic.

In the years opened by the initiative of Edward Gierek a french union (Initiated by Paul Cambo on July 21, 1883, so…) created within (1975). It remained there for many years after the totalitarian system ended in 2008, becoming autonomous. everything (The whole, understood as the whole of what exists, is often interpreted as the world or…) contact the university.

The tradition of the old Silesian Friedrich-Wilhelm-Universität was kept in Cologne in 1951 by the decision of its Senate. In 2003, a cooperation agreement was signed between the latter and the University of Wroclaw. Since 1988, there has also been a collaboration with the Ruhr University in Bochum.

38,607 students were admitted in the academic year 2000-01. Site in 2007 Internet (The Internet is a global computer network that provides services to the public…) shows the university number (A number is a symbol used to represent numbers.) common (Total is an absolute quality without exception. In accounting terms, a…) 44,000 students.

In 2001, the German-Polish Association of the University of Wrocław was established with the aim of bringing people together and transferring knowledge. This association unites all higher education institutions of the city: University, Pontifical Faculty of Theology, Academy. medicine (Medicine (Latin medicus, “healer”) science and…)Polytechnic School, Higher Schools of Economics, Agriculture, Physical Education and Sports, Music and Arts.

The faculties of the university are as follows:

  • Faculty of Literature (Wydział Filologiczny)
  • Faculty of Biological Sciences (Wydział Nauk Biologicznych)
  • Faculty of Biotechnology (Wydział Biotechnologii)
  • Faculty of Sciences Place (Earth is the third planet in the solar system in order of distance…) and TrainingEnvironment (Environment is everything that surrounds us. All natural elements and…) (Wydział Nauk o Ziemi and Kształtowania Środowiska): geography (Geography (Ancient Greek γεωγραφία…) and geology (Geology, from Ancient Greek γη- (gê-, “earth”) and…)
  • Faculty of History and Educational Sciences (Wydział Nauk Historycznych i Pedagogicznych)
  • Faculty of Law, Management and Economics (Wydział Prawa, Administracji i Ekonomii)
  • Faculty of Physics andAstronomy (Astronomy is the science of observing and trying to explain the stars…) (Wydział Fizyki ve Astronomii)
  • Faculty of Social Sciences (Wydział Nauk Społecznych)
  • Faculty of Chemistry (Wydział Chemii)
  • Faculty of Mathematics andComputer science (IT is the contraction of information and auto is the domain…) (Wydział Matematyki and Informatyki)

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